Radiative and Climate Effects of Stratospheric Sulfur Geoengineering Using Seasonally Varying Injection Areas

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Notes:
“[…] varying the SO2 injection area seasonally would result in a similar global mean cooling effect as injecting SO2 to the equator, but with a more uniform zonal distribution of shortwave radiative forcing.” p.1

“Most previous modelling studies have investigated scenarios which inject sulfur along or close to the equator. This choice of injection region is well justified because the equator, on the average, receives the highest levels of solar radiation. In addition, the stratospheric circulation transports particles efficiently from the equator around the global atmosphere (Robock et al., 2008). However it has been found in several studies that preventing greenhouse gas (GHG) induced warming by equatorial injections of sulfur lead to overcooling of the tropics and undercooling of the polar regions, compared to the global mean decrease in temperature (Aswathy et al., 2015; Jones et al., 2010; Jones et al., 2016; McCuster et al., 2012; Yu et al., 2015).” p.2

“However, sulfur injected as SO2 takes weeks to months before it is oxidized and forms large enough particles to reflect solar radiation efficiently. Thus to obtain maximum aerosol forcing, one strategy could be to inject sulfur before the intensity of solar radiation has reached its maximum value at the injection latitude, thus leaving time for oxidation and particle growth.” p.3

“After two years, sulfate particles from the injections are removed from the atmosphere.” p.4

“[…] the lifetime of stratospheric sulfur is longer when injected to the equator (Robock et al., 2008).” p.6

“Previous research has shown that higher injections per unit volume lead to relatively larger particles, which in turn leads to relatively shorter lifetime of particles in the atmosphere (Heckendorn et al., 2009; English et al., 2012; Niemeier et al., 2011).” p.6

“Because SRM is turned on abruptly at full force in 2020, it would lead to a fast cooling. In the real world this kind of action is unlikely but based on the simulations plausible if needed for example prevent climate warming emergency (Kravitz et al., 2011).” p.9

“It has been shown that there is a slow decrease in temperature still decades after a decrease in shortwave radiation (Schaller et al., 2014).” p.10

“After the SRM is suspended in 2070 there is a very fast warming, called the termination effect of geoengineering (Jones et al., 2013). This warming is of the same magnitude as the cooling immediately after the sulfur injection is started. Thus, after the SRM is suspended, the climate remains significantly cooler for decades.” p.10

“Compensating the GHG induced global warming using SRM leads to a reduction in the global mean precipitation (Kravitz et al., 2013b; Ferraro and Griffiths, 2016). This is also supported by our simulations. Immediately after the injection has been started, the global mean precipitation falls clearly under the level of year 2010[…]” p.10

“Precipitation is thus more affected by the SRM than CO2.” p.10

“Aerosol particles both absorb radiation (which is then emitted as LW radiation) and they reduce the SW radiation at surface. These effects lead to a drier climate (Ferraro and Griffiths 2016).” p.11

“It has been also shown that P – E (Precipitation – Evaporations) will become more intense (Seager et al., 2010) which will cause wet areas to become wetter but also drying in the subtropical regions such as Mediterranean, Southern part of Africa and Australia.” p.12

“According our aerosol microphysical simulations by GCM, it would be possible to maintain as large global cooling effect as by injecting sulfur only in the equator while concentrating the cooling effect more to the midlatitudes than tropics. This could be achieved if the sulfur injection area is changed during the year.” p.13

“This highlights the role of feedbacks and ocean temperature which reacts slowly to the radiation changes in the atmosphere.” p.14

Click on the below links for futher information about the locations in this image or visit https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki and search the coordinates.

Map Information:
30° N – Algeria, Libya, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Kuwait, Persian Gulf, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, People’s Republic of China, East China Sea, Japan, Pacific Ocean, Mexico, Gulf of California, United States, Gulf of Mexico, Atlantic Ocean, Morocco.

10° N – Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, South Sudan, Abyei, Ethiopia, Somalia, Indian Ocean, India, Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, Gulf of Thailand, Vietnam, South China Sea, Philippines, Sulu Sea, Tañon Strait, Cebu Strait, Bohol Sea, Surigao Strait, Dinagat Sound, Pacific Ocean, Federated States of Micronesia, Marshall Islands, Costa Rica, Caribbean Sea, Colombia, Venezuela, Atlantic Ocean, Guinea, Guinea / Sierra Leone border, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Ghana.

10° S – Atlantic Ocean, Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Zambia, Malawi, Lake Malawi, Tanzania, Indian Ocean, Indonesia, Savu Sea, Timor Sea, Arafura Sea, Coral Sea, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Sea, Pacific Ocean, Cook Islands, Kiribati, French Polynesia, Peru, Brazil, Bolivia.

30° S – South Africa, Lesotho, South Africa, Indian Ocean, Australia, Pacific Ocean, Chile, Argentina, Brazil, Atlantic Ocean.

Chemtrails, Rabbit Holes and Paintings

Those who have spent time traversing the chemtrails rabbit hole will probably agree that it is a rabbit hole with many tunnels. Tunnels which are often interconnected, go for miles and are riddled with off shoot tunnels.

In other words, it can become a maze. Even those who feel like they know most of the ins and outs of the world of geoengineering can become disorientated.

With this in mind, while watching James Corbett, of the Corbett Report, discussing how when ‘looking at a painting we can become so fixated on the individual brush strokes it distracts us from the painting itself.’ In other words, we can lose sight of our original path, becoming side-tracked by the noise. For some reason this stuck with me, nagging in the back of my mind.

After mulling over this for a few days I wondered, am I looking too closely at the individual brush strokes and thus loosing site of the painting? Has the topic of chemtrails been so micro analysed and saturated with diverging theories, opinions, jargon, information and disinformation, that I stopped looking at the painting?

For me this was one of those moments when the foggy veil lifts and the whirling amass of thoughts and information suddenly become clear. I won’t even bother going into the many, many, many interconnected rabbit holes I have been down. Time wasted debating with people about wording, motives, outcomes, methods, scientific studies, statistics, not to mention the countless insults which have been endured. Just saying the word chemtrails is controversial and can trigger a flurry of hostility.

But here’s the thing. At the core of everything is the fact that planes are making clouds (aka chemtrails), and have been doing this for decades. Chemtrail clouds vary in type and the particulates can remain in the atmosphere for hours if not days. It can take hours before chemtrail clouds become indistinguishable from natural cirrus clouds. Moreover, chemtrail clouds are not ‘just water vapour’ (which btw is a greenhouse gas), they also contain metal and chemical particulates, including: carbon black, sulfur, aromatics, aluminium, etc. [1, 2].

Trolls can try to ridicule you for believing in chemtrails but unless they are devoid of any brain cells they can not argue with the simple facts:

  • Clouds affect earths’ natural climate and hydrological cycles,
  • Clouds affect earth’s natural weather patterns,
  • Clouds impact on regional micro climates,
  • Clouds are interconnected with precipitation patterns,
  • Aviation induced cloud cover has been recorded as covering km’s of the earths surface on any given day,
  • All of the above impact on human health and the environment.
  • Publicly scientists admit they do not even really know what impact chemtrails (or, persistent contrails) are having on our climate. Moreover, it is only recently that scientists have started factoring clouds into climate models; an area which has many deficiencies, uncertainties and issues surrounding transparency.

    Any honest Scientist will openly admit we still have much to learn about the true relationship between clouds, the earth, the climate and our atmosphere. Even the loudest geoengineering advocates, while acknowledging the predicted negative impacts e.g. increase mortality rates, natural sacrifice zones, admit they are uncertain as to what the true impacts of geoengineering technologies (once ‘officially’ deployed) will be.

    The impact these man-made chemical clouds are having on earths’ climate, weather systems, our environment and our health has been largely ignored by governments, environmental hierarchies, medical professionals, the media… you know… all the people who are meant to have our best interests at heart. These people remain wilfully ignorant, too fearful (or unable) to speak out, or are busy discussing ‘official‘ deployment of geoengineering technologies.

    Though for me, the simple, clear explanation, ‘planes make clouds (aka chemtrails) and clouds impact on climate and weather’ is at the very core of the chemtrails rabbit hole, or I guess you could say it is the ‘outer layer of the onion’.

    The interconnected rabbit holes e.g. climate change, weather warfare, wifi/frequencies, depopulation, haarp, ship tracks etc. are just that… more rabbit holes. Yes they are relevant, but they are also the layers beneath the outer layer, the individual brush strokes that are a part of the painting.

    Personally, I still firmly believe there are multiple programs, initiatives, motives, and goals driving the chemtrail agenda, but rediscovering the entrance to the chemtrails rabbit hole I stumbled into over 4 years ago has allowed me to filter out the noise and to appreciate the painting in its entirety once more.

    Further Reading:
    Elemental composition and morphology of ice-crystal residual particles in cirrus clouds and contrails
    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169809597000835?via%3Dihub

    Modification of cirrus clouds to reduce global warming
    https://web.archive.org/web/20190104044744/http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1748-9326/4/4/045102

    Impacts of aviation fuel sulfur content on climate and human health
    https://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/16/10521/2016/?utm_campaign=OpChemtrails

    Influence of fuel sulfur on the composition of aircraft exhaust plumes: The experiments SULFUR 1–7
    https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1029/2001JD000813

    The Assessment of Aviation Cloudiness in IPCC Climate Change 2007 – The Physical Science Basis
    https://opchemlibrary.blogspot.com/2016/07/the-assessment-of-aviation-cloudiness.html

    ClimateViewer News:
    Jet Fuel https://climateviewer.com/tags/jet-fuel/
    Dopped Jet Fuel https://climateviewer.com/tags/doped-jet-fuel/

    Verification for Different Contrail Parameterizations Based on Integrated Satellite Observation and ECMWF Reanalysis Data
    https://web.archive.org/web/20180603001446/https://www.hindawi.com/journals/amete/2017/8707234/

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    This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


    Written by Kali_Furies, for OpChemtrails.com, 2019.